Gene
A natural unit of the hereditary material, which is the physical basis for the transmission of the characteristics of living organisms from one generation to another. The basic genetic material is fundamentally the same in all living organisms: it consists of chain-like molecules of nucleic acids- deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) in most organisms and ribonucleic acid (RNA) in certain viruses- and is usually associated in a linear arrangement that (in part) constitutes a chromosome.

The segment of DNA that is involved in producing a polypeptide chain. It includes regions preceding and following the coding region (leader and trailer) as well as intervening sequences (introns) between individual coding segments (exons).




The term "Gene" also appears in the definition(s) of the following term(s):
Abiogenesis
  ACC Synthase
  Additive Genes
  Adenovirus
  Agrobacterium tumefaciens
  Algae
  Allelic Exclusion
  Allergies (foodborne)
  Allogeneic
  ALS Gene
  Alu Family
  Ames Test
  Anaerobe
  Angiogenesis
  Antiangiogenesis
  Antibiotic
  Antibody
  Apomixis
  Aptamers
  Arabidopsis thaliana
  Aureofacin
  Autogenous Control
  B Lymphocytes
  Back Mutation
  Bacteriocins
  Bacteriology
  Baculovirus
  Baculovirus Expression Vector (BEV)
  BAR Gene
  Bce4
  Best Linear Unbiased Prediction (BLUP)
  Biochips
  Biogenesis
  Bioinformatics
  Biolistic® Gene Gun
  Biopolymer
  Bioseeds
  Biosilk
  Biotechnology Industry Organization (BIO)
  BSE
  B.t. kurstaki
  B.t. tenebrionis
  Cadherins
  Callipyge
  Callus
  Canola
  CAP
  Capsid
  Carotenoids
  Cassette
  Cauliflower Mosaic Virus 35S Promoter (CaMV 35S)
  Central Dogma (old)
  cGMP
  Chimeric DNA
  Chitinase
  Chloroplast Transit Peptide (CTP)
  Chloroplasts
  Chromatin
  Chromosomes
  Ciliary Neurotrophic Factor (CNTF)
  cis/trans Test
  Cistron
  Citrate Synthase Gene
  Citrate Synthase (CSb) Gene
  Clone (an organism)
  Cofactor
  Cofactor Recycle
  Combinatorial Biology
  Combinatorial Chemistry
  Commission of Biomolecular Engineering
  Conserved
  Constitutive Mutations
  Consultative Group on International Agricultural Research (CGIAR)
  Corn
  Corn Rootworm
  Cowpea Mosaic Virus (CpMV)
  Cowpea Trypsin Inhibitor (CpTI)
  CP4 EPSPS
  Cry Proteins
  Cyclooxygenase
  Cyclosporin A
  Cytotoxic T Cells
  Degenerate Codons
  Deletions
  Deoxyribonucleic Acid (DNA)
  DNA Probe
  DNA Vaccines
  DNA Vector
  Domain (of a chromosome)
  Dominant Allele
  Drosophila
  Early vs. Late Genes
  Effector
  Electroporation
  Endophyte
  Engineered Antibodies
  Ensiling
  Enzyme Repression
  Episome
  Epistasis
  EPSP Synthase
  European Patent Office (EPO)
  Event
  Exon
  Exotoxin
  "Explosion" Method
  Express
  Expressivity
  F1 Hybrids
  Fatty Acid
  Fermentation
  Floury-2
  Fluorescence Activated Cell Sorter (FACs)
  Frameshift
  Fructose Oligosaccharides
  Functional Genomics
  Gene Amplification
  Gene Delivery
  Gene Machine
  Gene Silencing
  Gene Splicing
  Gene Technology Office
  Genetic Code
  Genetic Engineering
  Genetic Map
  Genetic Marker
  Genetically Engineered Microbial Pesticides (GEMP)
  Genetics
  Genistein (Gen)
  Genomics
  Genotoxic
  Genotoxic Carcinogens
  Genotype
  GEO
  Gibberellins
  Glucocerebrosidase
  Glucose (GLc)
  Glutamate Dehydrogenase
  GMO
  GMS
  Good Manufacturing Practices (GMP)
  GP120 Protein
  GRAS List
  Growth Hormone (GH)
  GTO
  Hemoglobin
  Herbicide-Tolerant Crop
  Heredity
  Heterologous Proteins
  High-Lysine Corn
  High-Methionine Corn
  High-Oleic Oil Soybeans
  High-Phytase Corn and Soybeans
  High-Stearate Soybeans
  Homologous (chromosomes or genes)
  Homozygote
  Homozygous
  Host Vector (HV) System
  Hot Spots
  Human EGF-Receptor-Related Receptor (HER-2)
  Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 (HIV-1)
  Human Leukocyte Antigens (HLA)
  Human Superoxide Dismutase (hSOD)
  Hybridization (plant genetics)
  Hybridization Surfaces
  Hypostasis
  Hypothalamus
  Immunoconjugate
  Immunoglobulin
  Indian Department of Biotechnology
  Insulin
  Interleukin-1 Receptor Antagonist (IL-1ra)
  Interleukin-7 (IL-7)
  International Food Biotechnology Council (IFBC)
  International Society for the Advancement of Biotechnology (ISAB)
  Introgression
  Intron
  Japan Bio-Industry Association
  Jumping Genes
  Karyotype
  Laurate
  Leaky Mutants
  Lecithin (refined, specific)
  Lethal Mutation
  Ligand (in biochemistry)
  Linkage
  Linkage Map
  Lipase
  Liposomes
  Locus
  LPAAT Protein
  Major Histocompatibility Complex (MHC)
  MALDI-TOF-MS
  MAL (Multiple Aleurone Layer) Gene
  Map Distance
  Marker (DNA sequence)
  Marker (genetic marker)
  Marker Assisted Selection
  Methylated
  Microbial Physiology
  Microbiology
  Micropropagation
  Microsatellite DNA
  Moiety
  Molecular Diversity
  Molecular Genetics
  Molecular PharmingTM
  Muscular Dystrophy (MD)
  Mutagen
  Mutation
  National Academy of Sciences (NAS)
  Nitric Oxide
  No-Tillage Crop Production
  Nontranscribed Spacer
  Nuclear Receptors
  Nuclease
  Nucleic Acids
  Nucleus
  OH43
  Oligonucleotide Probes
  Oligos
  Oncogenes
  Opague-2
  Open Reading Frame (ORF)
  Operator
  Operon
  Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD)
  Outcrossing
  P Element
  p53 Gene
  p53 Protein
  PAT Gene
  pBR322
  Phage
  Phenotype
  Physical Map (of genome)
  Phytophthora Root Rot
  Plant Hormone
  Plasmid
  Pleiotropic
  Polar Mutation
  Polarity (chemical)
  Polarity (genetic)
  Polycistronic
  Polyclonal Response
  Polygalacturonase (PG)
  Polygenic
  Polyhydroxylbutylate (PHB)
  Polypeptide (protein)
  Polyunsaturated Fatty Acids (PUFA)
  Position Effect
  Positional Cloning
  Positive and Negative Selection (PNS)
  Pribnow Box
  Prion
  Promoter
  Protease Nexin II (PN-II)
  Protein Engineering
  Proto-Oncogenes
  Protoplasm
  Pseudomonas fluorescens
  Random Amplified Polymorphic DNA (RAPD) Technique
  ras Gene
  ras Protein
  Rational Drug Design
  RecA
  Receptors
  Recessive Allele
  Recombinant DNA (rDNA)
  Recombinant DNA Advisory Committee (RAC)
  Recombination
  Redement Napole (RN) Gene
  Regulatory Genes
  Remediation
  Reporter Gene
  Repressor (protein)
  Restriction Endonucleases
  Restriction Fragment Length Polymorphism (RFLP) Technique
  Retroviral Vectors
  Retroviruses
  RNA Vectors
  Rps6 Gene
  Rps1c Gene
  Rps1k Gene
  SDM
  Semisynthetic Catalytic Antibody
  Senior Advisory Group on Biotechnology (SAGB)
  Sense
  Sequencing (of DNA molecules)
  Sexual Conjugation
  Shotgun Cloning Method
  Silent Mutation
  Silk
  Simple Sequence Repeat (SSR) DNA Marker Technique
  Single-Cell Protein (SCP)
  Somaclonal Variation
  Somatic Variants
  SOS Response (in Escherichia coli bacteria)
  Soybean Plant
  Splicing
  "Stacked" Genes
  Sticky Ends
  Strain
  Structural Gene
  Structural Genomics
  STS Sulfonylurea (Herbicide)-Tolerant Soybeans
  Suppressor Gene
  Suppressor Mutation
  Suppressor T Cells
  Synthesizing (of DNA molecules)
  Target (of a therapeutic agent)
  TAT
  TATA Homology
  Template
  Termination Codon
  Thermophilic Bacteria
  Tobacco Mosaic Virus (TMV)
  Toxic Substances Control Act (TSCA)
  Trait
  Transactivating Protein
  Transcription
  Transcription Factors
  Transcription Unit
  Transduction (gene)
  Transfection
  Transformation
  Transgene
  Transgenic
  Transgressive Segregation
  Translation
  Translocation
  Transposable Element
  Transposition
  Transposon
  TRANSWITCH®
  Triploid
  Tumor
  Tumor-Suppressor Genes
  Tumor-Suppressor Proteins
  Ultracentrifuge
  Vaccinia
  Vector
  Viral Transactivating Protein
  Virus
  Vitamin
  WhiskersTM
  Wild Type
  World Trade Organization (WTO)
  Xenogeneic Organs
  Xenogenesis
  Yeast Episomal Plasmid (YEP)
  ZKBS (Central Committee on Biological Safety)
  Chimera
  Oligonucleotide
  Regulatory Sequence
  Cladistics
  Extranuclear Genes
  Protoplast
  ARMG
  Nanoscience
  Traditional Breeding Methods
  Transversion
  Biotin
  bla Gene
  Control Sequences
  Coordinated Framework For Regulation Of Biotechnology
  Genetically Modified Pest Protected (GMPP) Plants
  APHIS
  Golden Rice
  Metabolic Engineering
  CTNBio
  Interim Office of the Gene Technology Regulator (IOGTR)
  Salmonella
  GUS Gene
  Genetic Use Restriction Technologies (GURTs)
  PARP
  Glycinin
  GMAC
  Gm Fad2-1
  Sulfosate
  Central Dogma (new)
  Mutation Breeding
  Target (of a herbicide or insecticide)
  Single-nucleotide Polymorphisms (SNPs)
  SNP MAP
  DNA Methylation
  DNA Microarray
  Microarray (testing)
  Chimeraplasty
  Chemical Genetics
  Pseudogene
  Listeria monocytogenes
  Low-phytate Corn
  Low-phytate Soybeans
  Avidin
  GPA1
  Cessation Cassette
  CGE
  CBF1
  Cascade
  Calpain-10
  Gene Technology Regulator (GTR)
  Genetic Manipulation Advisory Committee (GMAC)
  Systemic Acquired Resistance (SAR)
  Caenorhabditis elegans (C. elegans)
  High-throughput Screening (HTS)
  cDNA Clone
  B.t. tolworthi
  Brown Stem Rot (BSR)
  Bacterial Artificial Chromosomes (BAC)
  ACC
  AcuronTM Gene
  Sustainable Development
  Haplotype
  GleevecTM
  Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor (VEGF)
  Naked Gene
  Nuclear Transfer
  Multipotent Adult Stem Cell
  Angiostatin
  Conjugated Linoleic Acid (CLA)
  AroA
  Atherosclerosis
  Beta-conglycinin
  Bacterial Expressed Sequence Tags
  Base (nucleotide)
  Bifidus
  Salt Tolerance
  Gene Fusion
  BRCA Genes
  Cosuppression
  CystX
  Dendrites
  Directed Self-Assembly
  Direct Transfer
  Diversity (within a species)
  Ellagic Acid
  Endostatin
  Toxicogenomics
  Oxidative Stress
  Expressed Sequence Tags (EST)
  Farnesyl Transferase
  GA21
  GEAC
  Gene Expression
  Gene Expression Analysis
  Gene Expression Cascade
  Gene Expression Markers
  Gene Expression Profiling
  Gene Function Analysis
  Gene Repair (natural)
  NPTII Gene
  Southern Blot Analysis
  Bcr-Abl Gene
  Bcr-Abl Gene
  HER-2 Gene
  HER-2 Receptor
  Orphan Genes
  Down Regulating
  High-Laurate Canola
  High-Stearate Canola
  High-throughput Identification
  Fluorescence In Situ Hybridization (FISH)
  Imprinting
  In Silico Screening
  Transcript
  Transcriptome
  Alternative Splicing
  Kenya Biosafety Council
  Lecithin (crude, mixture)
  mEPSPS
  Metamodel Methods (of Bioinformatics)
  Metastasis
  Microbial Source Tracking (MST)
  Microparticles
  Nitrilase
  NOS Terminator
  Pharmacogenetics
  Philadelphia Chromosome
  Phosphate Transporter Genes
  Phosphinothricin Acetyltransferase (PAT)
  Phyto-manufacturing
  Plantigens
  Plant's Novel Trait (PNT)
  Prebiotics
  Probiotics
  RBS1 Gene
  RBS3 Gene
  R Genes
  Sam-K Gene
  Sterols
  Zinc Finger Proteins
  Amplified Fragment Length Polymorphism
  AMD
  ARMD
  Zeaxanthin
  Epigenetic
  Retinoid X Receptors (RXR)
  Enterocytes
  Liver X Receptors (LXR)
  Gene Taxi
  Dynamics
  Lux Gene
  Splice Variants
  Ribonuclease 1 Gene
  C-Reactive Protein (CRP)
  RNASE 1 Gene
  ab initio Gene Prediction
  Accession (sequence data)
  Acquired Mutation
  Activator (of gene)
  Adult Stem Cell
  Annotation (Bioinformatics)
  Biomarkers
  Rps8 Gene
  Alpha-synuclein
  Nanolithography
  Negative Control
  Fad3 Gene
  Neu5Gc
  Fad Genes
  Homologous Recombination
  Homology Modeling
  Humanized Antibody
  Isoelectric Focusing (IEF)
  Knockout
  Metabolite Profiling
  Metabonomics
  Ortholog
  Overlapping Gene
  P34 Protein
  Pattern Biomarkers
  Phage Display
  Polycation Conjugate
  Positive Control
  Post-transcriptional Gene Silencing (PTGS)
  Reduced-allergen Soybeans
  RNA Interference (RNAi)
  Capillary Electrophoresis
  Antiporter
  Chemiluminescent Immunoassay (CLIA)
  Chimeric Antibody
  Chromatin Remodeling
  Chromosome Walking
  Contiguous Genes
  CYP46 Gene
  Differential Display
  DNA Methylase
  Short Interfering RNA (siRNA)
  Micro-RNAs
  SAGE
  Serial Analysis of Gene Expression (SAGE)
  Quelling
  Surface Plasmon Resonance (SPR)
  Caspases
  Nod Genes
  NARK Gene
  Transcription Activators
  Transcriptional Activator
  Transcriptional Repressor
  HGT
  Multiplex Assay
  ERBB2 Gene
  Trastuzumab
  Virion
  Kinome
  Lipidomics
  Two-hybrid Systems
  RNase 1
  Sirtuins
  High-Linolenic Oil Soybeans
  Hypoxia
  Vernalization
  Drought Tolerance Trait
  Imidazolinone-Tolerant Soybeans
  Biologic Response Modifier Therapy
  Cell-free Gene Expression System
  Bacillus licheniformis
  DNA Shuffling
  Baculovirus Expression Vector System (BEVS)
  MGED
  TIRF Microscopy
  Derepression
  Nuclear Hormone Receptors
  High-mannogalactan Soybeans
  Riboswitches
  Massively Parallel Signature Sequencing
  Nanobodies
  Additive Variance
  Morpholino
  Rapid Protein Folding Assay
  Cell-based Assays
  NFkB
  CHO Cells
  Hedgehog Signaling Pathway
  erb B-2 Gene
  DNA-directed RNA Interference
  Angiogenesis Inhibitors
  Complement Factor H Gene
  Amylase Inhibitors
  Red Biotechnology
  White Biotechnology
  Green Biotechnology
  PTPN22 Gene
  Epigenetic Variation
  Theranostics
  PTEN Gene
  Whole-genome Association
  Age-related Macular Degeneration (AMD)
  Paramutation
  COR Genes
  Nucleolar Dominance
  Resistin
  Meganuclease
  LEAFY Gene
  Epigenetic Therapy
 
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